mysql5.6安装

RPM方式安装MySQL5.6

a. 检查MySQL及相关RPM包,是否安装,如果有安装,则移除(rpm –e 名称)

1
[root@localhost ~]# rpm -qa | grep -i mysql

2
mysql-libs-5.1.66-2.el6_3.x86_64

3
[root@localhost ~]# yum -y remove mysql-libs*

b. 下载Linux对应的RPM包,如:CentOS6.4_64对应的RPM包,如下:

1
[root@localhost rpm]# ll

2
total 74364

3
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 18442536 Dec 11 20:19 MySQL-client-5.6.15-1.el6.x86_64.rpm

4
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  3340660 Dec 11 20:06 MySQL-devel-5.6.15-1.el6.x86_64.rpm

5
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 54360600 Dec 11 20:03 MySQL-server-5.6.15-1.el6.x86_64.rpm

c. 安装MySQL

1
[root@localhost rpm]# rpm -ivh MySQL-server-5.6.15-1.el6.x86_64.rpm

2
[root@localhost rpm]# rpm -ivh MySQL-devel-5.6.15-1.el6.x86_64.rpm

3
[root@localhost rpm]# rpm -ivh MySQL-client-5.6.15-1.el6.x86_64.rpm

4
#修改配置文件位置

5
[root@localhost rpm]# cp /usr/share/mysql/my-default.cnf /etc/my.cnf

d. 初始化MySQL及设置密码

1
[root@localhost rpm]# /usr/bin/mysql_install_db

2
[root@localhost rpm]# service mysql start

3
[root@localhost rpm]# cat /root/.mysql_secret  #查看root账号密码

4
# The random password set for the root user at Wed Dec 11 23:32:50 2013 (local time): qKTaFZnl

5
[root@localhost ~]# mysql -uroot –pqKTaFZnl

6
mysql> SET PASSWORD = PASSWORD('123456');    #设置密码为123456

7
mysql> exit

8
[root@localhost ~]# mysql -uroot -p123456

e. 允许远程登陆

01
mysql> use mysql;

02
mysql> select host,user,password from user;

03
+-----------------------+------+-------------------------------------------+

04
| host                  | user | password                                  |

05
+-----------------------+------+-------------------------------------------+

06
| localhost             | root | *6BB4837EB74329105EE4568DDA7DC67ED2CA2AD9 |

07
| localhost.localdomain | root | *1237E2CE819C427B0D8174456DD83C47480D37E8 |

08
| 127.0.0.1             | root | *1237E2CE819C427B0D8174456DD83C47480D37E8 |

09
| ::1                   | root | *1237E2CE819C427B0D8174456DD83C47480D37E8 |

10
+-----------------------+------+-------------------------------------------+

11

12
mysql> update user set password=password('123456') where user='root';

13
mysql> update user set host='%' where user='root' and host='localhost';

14
mysql> flush privileges;

15
mysql> exit

f. 设置开机自启动

1
[root@localhost ~]# chkconfig mysql on

2
[root@localhost ~]# chkconfig --list | grep mysql

3
mysql           0:off   1:off   2:on    3:on    4:on    5:on    6:off

g. MySQL的默认安装位置

1
/var/lib/mysql/               #数据库目录

2
/usr/share/mysql              #配置文件目录

3
/usr/bin                     #相关命令目录

4
/etc/init.d/mysql              #启动脚本

修改字符集和数据存储路径

配置/etc/my.cnf文件,修改数据存放路径、mysql.sock路径以及默认编码utf-8.

view plain copy

在CODE上查看代码片派生到我的代码片

  1. [client]  
  2. password        = 123456  
  3. port            = 3306  
  4. default-character-set=utf8
  5. [mysqld]  
  6. port            = 3306  
  7. character_set_server=utf8
  8. character_set_client=utf8
  9. collation-server=utf8_general_ci
  10. #(注意linux下mysql安装完后是默认:表名区分大小写,列名不区分大小写; 0:区分大小写,1:不区分大小写)  
  11. lower_case_table_names=1
  12. #(设置最大连接数,默认为 151,MySQL服务器允许的最大连接数16384; )  
  13. max_connections=1000
  14. [mysql]  
  15. default-character-set = utf8

查看字符集

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注

您可以使用这些HTML标签和属性: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>